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His family confirmed his death and said he had vascular dementia.

Mr. Korty was a key figure in the independent cinema movement that took hold in the 1960s and 1970s in Northern California, hundreds of miles, physically and philosophically, from the Hollywood studios to the south.

“I was in rebellion against Hollywood films,” Mr. Korty told the San Francisco Chronicle. “I thought everything they did, I wasn’t going to do. I thought Hollywood films were artificial. They used too much makeup. I was basically trying to come down from that with real people and realistic dialogue and shooting without a lot of lights and filters. … I just made the film the way I wanted to make it.”

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Mr. Korty was nominated for two Oscars and shared one. His win honored “Who Are the DeBolts? And Where Did They Get Nineteen Kids?”, a 1977 documentary he directed about a couple and the children they adopted, some of whom were war orphans.

A version of the documentary aired on ABC and won Mr. Korty a 1979 Emmy. He had previously received an Emmy — one of nine that went to the production — for “The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman,” which aired on CBS and remains one of the most lauded TV movies of its time.

Based on a 1971 novel by Ernest J. Gaines, the film featured Tyson in her most noted role, as the 110-year-old titular protagonist, her life an embodiment of African American experience in the 19th and 20th centuries. Pauline Kael, the New Yorker film critic, was quoted as declaring the film “quite possibility the finest movie ever made for American television.”

In contrast with many cinephiles who regard TV movies as an inferior class of film, Mr. Korty valued the genre as a way of directly reaching households across America.

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“I wouldn’t give up television movies,” he told the New York Times in 1986. “There is nothing like the response you get. Fifty million people saw ‘Jane Pittman’ in one night. That’s very different from even the biggest hit movie.”

Mr. Korty later directed the NBC TV movie “Farewell to Manzanar” (1976), about the internment camps in the western United States where thousands of Japanese and Japanese Americans were detained during World War II.

Many of Mr. Korty’s more than 40 directing credits explored social concerns. “Go Ask Alice,” which aired on ABC in 1973, was described by the Times as “one of the first television films to deal with teenage drug addiction.”

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In “Resting Place,” a Hallmark Hall of Fame film that aired on CBS in 1986, Mr. Korty directed John Lithgow as an Army officer who assists the parents (played by Morgan Freeman and CCH Pounder) with the burial of their son, an African American serviceman killed in the Vietnam War.

Mr. Korty’s film “Redwood Curtain,” another Hallmark Hall of Fame production featuring Lithgow, aired on ABC in 1995. An adaptation of a Lanford Wilson play, it, too, explored the legacy and wounds of Vietnam.

Mr. Korty valued variety in his work, telling the Marin Independent Journal in 2011 that “to me, my work is a kind of vacation, and I don’t like to go to the same place over and over again.”

Mr. Korty directed “Oliver’s Story,” a 1978 sequel to “Love Story” that starred Ryan O’Neal and Candice Bergen. In the animated category, he made shorts for the children’s educational TV program “Sesame Street” and co-wrote and co-directed “Twice Upon a Time” (1983) under executive producer George Lucas.

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Mr. Korty also directed “Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure,” a 1984 TV movie co-written and executive produced by Lucas about the furry creatures of the Star Wars franchise.

Mr. Korty had met Lucas in the late 1960s when Lucas, then in his 20s, had stood in for Francis Ford Coppola, the co-founder of the San Francisco-based studio American Zoetrope, at a panel discussion where Mr. Korty was also on the program.

“George grabbed me by the shoulder,” Mr. Korty told the Chronicle, “and said, ‘We have got to find a pay phone. I am going to call Francis because you are doing exactly what he says he wants to do — making films outside of Hollywood.’”

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John Van Cleave Korty was born in Lafayette, Ind., on June 22, 1936. His father was an engineer, and his mother was a nurse.

Mr. Korty grew up in Santa Monica, Calif., and Kirkwood, Mo., before moving to Ohio and entering college. He received a bachelor’s degree in communications media from Antioch College in 1959.

He began exploring film as a university student and pursued his career in earnest after settling in California. Filmgoers and critics soon took note. His documentary short “Breaking the Habit” (1965), an antismoking production made with the American Cancer Society, was nominated for an Oscar.

Mr. Korty burst to even broader attention at the end of the decade with three films — “The Crazy-Quilt” (1966), “Funnyman” (1967) and “riverrun” (1968) — that seemed to capture the spirit of independent cinema. He sometimes acted as cameraman, in addition to director.

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“I have a lot more feeling of possession of a film if I’m operating a camera,” he told the Times. “It sort of burns its way into the retina. I can go back to my hotel room, plop down on the bed, close my eyes, and watch the dailies in my head,” he added, referring to the raw, unedited footage of a day’s shoot.

Mr. Korty’s marriages to Carol Tweedie and Beulah Chang ended in divorce.

Survivors include his wife of 32 years, Jane Silvia of Point Reyes Station; two sons from his second marriage, David Korty of Los Angeles and Jonathan Korty of Fairfax, Calif.; a son from his third marriage, Gabriel Korty of Point Reyes Station; a brother; a sister; and three grandchildren.

“I’m hooked on film making as a process,” Mr. Korty told the Times. “I just wish I had three or four lives, because then I could be an animator in one life, a documentary film maker in another, and a maker of dramatic films in the third. … I think every film director’s education has a direct relationship to the number of feet of film he’s shot. The more films you do, the more you learn.”

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